Spirituality

Weird Weekend – Ancient Megalithic Cultures

Sure, you know about the Egyptian pyramids.

http://www.travlang.com/blog/pyramids-of-giza-a-landmark-in-the-history-of-architecture/

And you know about Stonehenge.

We marvel at these giant structures and wonder at the mystery of their construction.  There is controversy regarding when they were built.  Have you ever been to an ancient site?  I’ve been to Stonehenge, and even amidst the touristy trappings you can still feel the mystery and energy of the place.  It’s been called a calendar, an observatory and even a pen for sheep.

We wonder who built these places, and how?  How were such giant blocks moved by people whose only power source was their own muscle?  In the case of the pyramids, the blocks are so finely shaped and fitted that for the most part you still cannot fit a knife between.  Are these sites anomalies?  Did the local population just get really lucky and sort of figure it out and throw it together?

Most people have heard of the pyramids and Stonehenge, but have you heard of Puma Punku in Bolivia?  It is part of the Tiwanaku complex, for which there is limited data.  Dating for this site places it anywhere from 3,000 to 10,000 to 36,000 years old.

Do those precise corners and perfect circles look like they were cut by hand with stone tools?  Local legends about Puma Punku say it is the place where the world was created.

Or how about Malta?  The temples on these little islands in the Mediterranean are dated by mainstream archeologists to 5,000 years ago and are considered the oldest free-standing megalithic sites on the planet.

What do these sites, located around the globe, have in common?  They’re all built with really big rocks.  Big rocks that have been shaped and fitted with a precision that is difficult to achieve today.  These blocks are so huge that modern cranes would have difficulty picking them up.

The other commonality is their amazingly accurate orientation, to the cardinal points as well as aligning with astronomical events.  Solstice markers are generally found at the temple sites.  Monitoring the skies is a long and painstaking endeavor.  To be able to monitor celestial events, and then translate that knowledge into gigantic stone buildings is not a feat of a hunter/gather level of development.  It requires precision in observation as well as construction.  It requires an advanced knowledge base and level of development.

But the question of when these places were built remains controversial.  Increasing evidence though is surfacing to show that they are much, much older than is commonly thought.   Accepted theories on the progress of civilization have us in a fairly steady upward march, placing us at the pinnacle of everything that has ever been known.  To suggest an advanced technological civilization in ancient history was dismissed as fantasy.  Yet the anomalies of these mysterious sites continue to confound us.

It is horribly difficult to date these sites.  Radiocarbon dating does not work unless you have something organic.  Other radiometric dating done on the stones themselves would only tell us when the rock was formed, not when it was dressed or placed.  So to date the temples we have to look at what surrounds the rocks, or what is under them, which would tell you when the stone was laid down.  So far as I know, no one has tried to move one of these megaliths to get to what’s directly under.

But how do you know if the organic material you’re sampling is really the oldest?  This question is not always satisfactorily answered, and yet it is still the main source of dating of these ancient megalithic structures.  So mainstream theory remained that humans didn’t start to organize into cities until about 6,500 years ago, in Sumer.

Enter Gobekli Tepi, and the modern archeological world is stunned.  Gobekli Tepe is located in Anatolia, Turkey, and it is dated to 9,000 to 12,000 years ago.  That date was reached by radiocarbon dating, so why is it more acceptable than others?  Because Gobekli Tepi was not discovered until 1964, up until then it was thought to be just a hill, until a survey showed otherwise.  So any organic material left at the bottom of the structures uncovered so far had to have been buried when Gobekli Tepe was.  I find it humorous that the Wikipedia article says it was built by hunter/gathers.

 

Other megalithic sites around the world.

Easter Island
Baalbeck, Lebanon. Estimated to weigh 1,200 tons. Just for comparison, average weight of the blocks making up the pyramids, 50 tons.
Lore Lindu National Park, Sulawesi

Somewhere along the way, we lost part of our history.  A big part.  These ancient sites that circle the globe offer us only an enigmatic snapshot of the ancient world, a distant past more than 10,000 years ago.  In light of the evidence uncovered at Gobekli Tepe, it is time to revise our historical timeline.  Some time in the past, a civilization existed that was capable of picking up and moving huge stone blocks with ease.  A civilization that was global in scope, or multiple civilizations with similar skill sets.

What’s missing?  The development of this civilization.  Currently there is no archeological data that demonstrates the rise of these cities, or the skills to build on such a grand scale.  It is as if these sites appeared suddenly on the earth, and this only adds to their mystery.  Recently, an underground chamber was discovered at Puma Punku using ground penetrating radar.  Could we be close to getting some of the questions surrounding this site answered?

Have you been to one of these mysterious places?  What was your experience?

I really love to hear from you!  Please share your thoughts.

Uncategorized

Weird Weekend – Atlantis and Ancient History

From the website: http://www.librarising.com/cosmology/images/atlantis.jpg

How Much History Do We Know?

I have always been fascinated by the legends of Atlantis.  I find the idea that an entire civilization could be ‘lost’ intriguing because in school we are told we know everything about man’s progressive rise.  From the hunter-gatherer, to the city-states in the Fertile Crescent, through the Victorian Age up until now the entire trend is laid out in a slow continuous climb, with the odd dip here and there, such as the Dark Ages.

In the halls of academia, the idea of any organized human settlements or civilization outside of the accepted timeline is dismissed, with anything from scorn to laughter.  The rise of humanity and civilization has been chugging along in gentle ascent, building us up to the pinnacle we now occupy, with our iPhones, plasma TV’s and central heating.  After all, we already have the sum total of all knowledge that ever was or will be.  Right?

The thing is, knowledge is always growing, expanding.  Old ideas are discarded as new evidence supplants the outdated.

For example, around the time of the invention of the steam locomotive, it was widely accepted that the human body could not withstand speeds greater than around 25 m.p.h.  We’ve kind of blown past that one, haven’t we?

Astronomers and space scientists for years have been telling us there is no water on the Moon, that Mars is an arid, dead planet and there is no life other than Earth in the solar system.    Up until just a few short years ago if you suggested that there was water, or (gasp) life on Mars, or one of the more remote outer planetary-type bodies you would be laughed at, ridiculed.  Worse, people would ask if you enjoyed your alien probing.

Today, discussion of life on Mars, or of sending a submarine probe the water ocean on Jupiter’s moon, Europa is reported in mainstream media.  No one’s asking about tinfoil hats now.

In light of this, is questioning our own history here on Earth so very Earth-shaking?  Is there any evidence of an ancient civilization?  Maybe more than one?

In the Dialogues of Plato we read about Solon, who traveled to Egypt and was told by an aged priest that there have been not one, but many deluges that have nearly wiped out human civilization.  Atlantis, destroyed around 9,000 years before Solon heard the tale, was only the most recent.  The priest tells Solon that the Egyptians have recorded many such deluges, in which humanity is knocked off whatever pinnacle of civilization it has risen to, and survivors are reduced to hunter-gather levels.  Also, the Turin Papyrus documents over 36,000 years of Egyptian history, going back to the First Time, or Zep Tepi.

Currently, humanity is considered to have transitioned from the hunter-gatherer lifestyle to concentrating in villages and then cities and city-states between five and six thousand years ago.  This occurred in four separate regions, Mesopotamia, Egypt, the India and China.

From this site: http://jcolavito.tripod.com/lostcivilizations/id17.html

Except what if that timeline is wrong?  In Fingerprints of the Gods, by Graham Hancock he describes how a conference of geologists were shown pictures of erosion in a rock formation and asked to identify what type of erosion it was.  They were easily able to tell it was caused by heavy rainfall.  Then the geologists were told the photographs were of the Sphinx.  There hasn’t been heavy rainfall on the Giza plateau for more than 10,000 years.

The ruins of Tiahuanaco, lie at the south end of Lake Titicaca in Bolivia.  Originally thought to date to 4,000 years ago, mounting evidence has pushed this date back to 12,000 and even 14,000 years ago.  Huge blocks, some weighing anywhere from 150 to 440 tons are carved with machine-like precision to interlock perfectly.  Tiahuanaco, like Egypt, appears out of nowhere, a fully formed society that builds monolithic structures that would difficult if not impossible to recreate with our current technology.

Gobekli Tepe. From this site: http://www.redicecreations.com/radio/2010/06jun/RIR-100624.html

Now consider Gobekli Tepe, in Turkey, discovered in the last twenty years.  Again, giant monolithic temples constructed of huge blocks.  However this collection of ruins is accepted as dating to 12,000 years ago!  Archeologists are conflicted because this is the ‘hunter-gatherer’ period and nobody at that time is supposed to have the skill or technology to construct these sorts of structures.  So how to explain this?

Unless, there was some unknown, or lost, civilization that now only persists in myth and legend.  One that had an advanced technology as evidenced by the structures that remain after so many centuries.  Atlantis.  Does it really seem so impossible now?

What do you think?  Is it possible we need to revise our current perception of human history?  Could we be ‘missing’ a large part of our past?

Please visit these sites for more information on these topics:

Gobekli Tepi      http://gobeklitepe.info/temples.html

Tiahuanaco     http://www.viewzone.com/tiax.html

Ancient Egypt and Zep Tepi    http://alternativearchaeology.jigsy.com/zep-tepi

Plato’s Dialogues on Atlantis     http://atlantis-today.com/Atlantis_Critias_Timaeus.htm